Aswan Dam: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about the Aswan Dam.

  • The Aswan Dam is located in Egypt and it crosses the River Nile, the longest river in the world.
  • It took 10 years to build the dam and work was completed in 1970. The dam is also called Saad el Aali in Arabic.
  • During the construction process of the Aswan Dam, more than 90,000 Nubians were relocated as far as 45 kilometers away from their homes. This was meant to provide a large enough space for the completion of the dam.
  • According to studies, the Aswan Dam contributes to more than half of the total power supply in Egypt.
  • The Aswan Dam was incredibly expensive to build.
  • The Aswan Dam allowed the flow of the Nile to be controlled and its waters to be used for irrigation of crops, drinking water and to generate hydroelectric power. Unfortunately, the dam has also stopped the annual flooding of the Nile, and this has prevented the river from depositing nutrient rich silt on to the flooded areas.
  • The Aswan Dam generates up to 10 billion kilowatts per hour of hydroelectric power. This is enough electricity to run 1 million colour televisions for more than 20 years.
  • This dam was planned by British engineers but built by a different team of engineers from the Soviet Union.
  • The Aswan Dam is approximately 11,811 feet long, 364 feet high with a base of around 3215 feet.
  • Before the Aswan Dam was constructed, many Ancient Egyptian monuments (such as the statue of Ramses the Great in Abu Simbel) had to be moved in order to stop them being flooded.
  • Lake Nasser, a massive reservoir, was created by the Aswan Dam.

What next? Find out more about some of the world’s other rivers.

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