Here are some facts about Mount Teide, the massive volcano on the island of Tenerife.
- Located on Tenerife in the Canary Islands (a Spanish-owned island chain off the north-west coast of Africa), the summit of Mount Teide at 3178 metres (just over 12000 feet) is the highest point in Spain.
- It is the third highest volcano in the world.
The most recent eruption of Mount Teide happened in 1909. It also erupted in 1798, 1706, 1705 and 1704.
- On his voyage of discovery Christopher Columbus apparently saw the 1492 eruption of Mount Teide when he was sailing past Tenerife.
- Mount Teide is currently a dormant volcano, but many scientists believe it will erupt again in the near future.
- In the mid seventeenth century a group of Englishmen were the first Europeans to reach the summit of Mount Teide. The group included Philips Ward, George Cove and John Webber.
- To the Gaunches (the original, pre-Spanish invasion, inhabitants of Tenerife) Teide was a sacred mountain and the home of Guayota, the devil.
- Mount Teide is a stratovolcano, formed from layers of hardened lava and volcanic ash.
- Several plants can only be found on the slopes of Mount Teide. These include: the Teide white broom and the Teide daisy.
- Mount Teide appears on Tenerife’s coat of arms and it used feature on the back of the 1000 Peseta note (before Spain adopted the Euro as its national currency).
- Mount Teide and the areas of land directly surrounding it make up the Teide National Park. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is visited by nearly 3 million visitors every year.
- In winter temperatures at the summit temperatures can vary between -5 and -10 degrees C. The summit is often covered with snow.
- The Spanish name for Mount Teide is Pico del Teide.