Glasgow: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Glasgow.

  • Glasgow is Scotland‘s largest city with a population of approximately 600,000. The city is located on the banks of the River Clyde, about 80 km from Edinburgh.
  • It was founded in the 6th century and grew in importance as a trading port. In the 12th century, the city was granted permission to hold a fair, which still takes place every year.
  • Glasgow’s underground railway system is the only one in Scotland, and the 3rd oldest in the world. It is sometimes nicknamed the Clockwork Orange, because of the colour of the trains.
  • During the 18th and 19th centuries, Glasgow became one of the world’s largest and busiest ports. By the late 18th century, over half of the tobacco trade in Britain was centred on the city.
  • One of the city’s most famous residents was the architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh. He designed many buildings in the city, including the Glasgow School of Art.
  • Glasgow was designated European City of Culture in 1990 and is home to over 100 cultural and artistic organizations. The Scottish Ballet, Opera and Symphony Orchestra are all based here.
  • Glasgow had its own police force in 1789, 40 years before London’s force was established. The Boys’ Brigade movement was also started in the city in 1883 by William Smith.
  • Some notable streets and landmarks include George Square, Sauciehall Street and Argyle Street. Neighbourhoods include the West End with its shops, restaurants and hotels, and the Merchant Quarter.
  • The first international football match between Scotland and England was played in Glasgow in 1872. Glasgow Celtic football club was formed in 1888 and so named because of the many Irish residents.
  • There are over 20 towns named Glasgow in the US, as well as several in Canada, including New Glasgow. Glasgow is twinned with several cities, including Jerusalem, Marseilles and Havana.

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