Category Archives: Famous Inventors

Louis Braille: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Louis Braille.

  • Louis Braille was a French teacher and inventor. He is best known for his system of reading for the blind or visually impaired, which is still used today.
  • Braille was born near Paris, France in 1809.
  • At three years old, he accidentally stuck a sharp tool in his eye, developed an infection and was completely blind by five.
  • Louis Braille attended one of the world’s first schools for blind children. He was taught to read using a system of raised letters but realized the system could be improved.
  • He learned of a system of dots and dashes used by the French army. Braille made changes to it, and published his reading system for the blind in 1829 at the age of 20. It replaced letter symbols with raised dots and dashes.
  • A few years later, Braille became a teacher and also wrote several works that helped to explain his reading system. He died from tuberculosis in 1852, aged 43.
  • By the late 19th century, the Braille system was being used all over France, and in 1916 it was officially used in the US. More recent developments include braille for email and computer terminals.
  • There are statues and memorials to Louis Braille all over the world, and he has been described as one of the 100 most influential inventors. His childhood home is a museum devoted to his work.

Louis Braille

  • Braille was the world’s first binary system of writing. The 64 combinations of dots can represent letters, numbers, punctuation marks and complete words and can be in languages other than English.
  • Despite the introduction of electronic reading devices, braille is still important. In the US, an estimated 50,000 blind people rely on it; in the UK about 5,000 people use it regularly.
  • World Braille Day is celebrated every January 4th, Louis Braille’s birth date. In 2009, several countries introduced special coins to celebrate the 200th anniversary of his birth.

What next? Learn about some other famous inventors.

Nikola Tesla: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Nikola Tesla. Nikola Tesla was an Austrian born inventor, physicist and engineer. He is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. He was born in 1856 in Smiljan, Croatia. Tesla attended college in Graz, Austria, often studying for over 16… Continue Reading

Blaise Pascal: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Blaise Pascal. Blaise Pascal was a French physicist, inventor, mathematician and philosopher. He also studied the properties of fluids, and researched and wrote about probability theory and projective geometry. He was born in Clermont-Ferrand, France in 1623, and was interested in mathematics and science from an early age. By age… Continue Reading

Humphry Davy: Facts About The Famous Scientist and Inventor

Here are some facts about Humphry Davy. Humphry Davy was born on 17th December 1778 in Penzance, Cornwall. He went to Truro Grammar School. In 1794 his father died and Humprhy Davy was apprenticed to John Bingham Borlase, a surgeon from Penzance. As an apprentice, Humphry became interested chemistry and carried out experiments in John… Continue Reading

Sir Richard Arkwright: Facts And Information

Here are some facts about Richard Arkwright. Richard Arkwright was born in Preston, England on 23 December 1732. He was one of the key inventors and businessmen during the early stages of the Industrial Revolution. Many people believe that he is the architect of the modern factory system. Richard was the youngest of seven children.… Continue Reading

Charles Babbage: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Charles Babbage. Charles Babbage was an English inventor, engineer and mathematician. He is best known for devising the first mechanical computer which led to modern advances in computers. Babbage was born in London in 1791, attended Cambridge University and became the college’s top mathematician. He and his friends at Cambridge… Continue Reading

Percy Shaw: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Percy Shaw. Percy Shaw was a British businessman and inventor. He is best known for inventing the cat’s eye, the reflective block that is set into roads to make it easier for motorists to identify the division between lanes and the edges of the roads at night. Shaw was born… Continue Reading

Henry Ford: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Henry Ford. Henry Ford was an American industrialist. He is most famous for founding the Ford motor company and for introducing the concept of the assembly line to improve production. He was born in Michigan in 1863 on a farm. Henry hated farm work and, at 14, he became an… Continue Reading