Category Archives: Famous Inventors

Alfred Nobel: Facts About the Famous Scientist and Inventor

Here are some facts about Alfred Nobel.

  • Alfred Nobel was a Swedish businessman, chemist and inventor. He is known today for leaving much of his fortune to establish the annual Nobel Prize system.
  • Nobel was born in Sweden in 1833. He went to school in Sweden and France and became fluent in several European languages – French, English, Russian and German, as well as Swedish.
  • Alfred Nobel invented gelignite, an explosive, in 1874, and then invented dynamite two years later. His brother had died in a nitroglycerin explosion in the family’s factory a few years earlier.
  • When Nobel’s brother died, several papers mistakenly reported that Albert had died. He was upset to read himself described as a merchant of death, a reference to his work with explosives.
  • He went on to work in his father’s factory. The factory produced armaments for the Crimean War, and the Nobel family also became wealthy by developing oilfields in the Caspian Sea.
  • During his life, Nobel opened 90 arms factories and patented 350 of his inventions and discoveries. He is credited with inventing the detonator, gas meters, and ballistite, used to propel rockets.

Alfred Nobel

  • Nobel led a lonely life, and had a fear of being buried alive. He wrote several novels, poetry and a play called Nemesis, which in 2005, was staged at a theatre in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Alfred Nobel died of a heart attack in Italy, in 1891. He died a rich man and in his will he set aside most of his fortune to fund the Nobel Prize system.
  • A monument in St. Petersburg, Russia was dedicated in 1991 to celebrate 90 years since the first Nobel Prize was awarded. The synthetic element Nobelium was named after him in 1966.
  • The Nobel Prize comprises a medal, diploma and cash sum. Over 550 prizes have been awarded, the youngest recipient being Pakistani activist Malala Yousafzai in 2014, aged 17.

What next? Discover some facts about other famous inventors.

John Boyd Dunlop: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about John Boyd Dunlop. John Boyd Dunlop was a Scottish vet and inventor. He is best known for his work in developing the first pneumatic or inflatable tyre, a device still used today. Dunlop was born in Scotland in 1840, and moved to Ireland at age 27. He established a large… Continue Reading

Louis Braille: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Louis Braille. Louis Braille was a French teacher and inventor. He is best known for his system of reading for the blind or visually impaired, which is still used today. Braille was born near Paris, France in 1809. At three years old, he accidentally stuck a sharp tool in his… Continue Reading

Nikola Tesla: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Nikola Tesla. Nikola Tesla was an Austrian born inventor, physicist and engineer. He is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. He was born in 1856 in Smiljan, Croatia. Tesla attended college in Graz, Austria, often studying for over 16… Continue Reading

Blaise Pascal: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Blaise Pascal. Blaise Pascal was a French physicist, inventor, mathematician and philosopher. He also studied the properties of fluids, and researched and wrote about probability theory and projective geometry. He was born in Clermont-Ferrand, France in 1623, and was interested in mathematics and science from an early age. By age… Continue Reading

Humphry Davy: Facts About The Famous Scientist and Inventor

Here are some facts about Humphry Davy. Humphry Davy was born on 17th December 1778 in Penzance, Cornwall. He went to Truro Grammar School. In 1794 his father died and Humprhy Davy was apprenticed to John Bingham Borlase, a surgeon from Penzance. As an apprentice, Humphry became interested chemistry and carried out experiments in John… Continue Reading