Queen Victoria Facts

Here are some facts about Queen Victoria, the 19th century British monarch.

  • Queen Victoria was the longest reigning British monarch in history. She was Queen from June, 1837 until her death in January, 1901.
  • She was born on May 24, 1819 and married her first cousin, Prince Albert in 1840. The couple had 9 children, all of whom married into European royal families, and Victoria was often known as the grandmother of Europe.

  • Although she had 9 children, Victoria was never happy at having to go through the experience of giving birth. One time she took chloroform, which helped many women realize they could give birth without pain.

Queen Victoria

  • She was the first monarch to live at Buckingham Palace in London. Queen Victoria’s coronation took place on June 28, 1838.
  • Queen Victoria was a prolific writer, writing about 2,500 words every day during her adult life. Although some of her diaries were accidentally destroyed, many of these 122 volumes survive to this day.
  • Victoria did not like smoking and had ‘no smoking’ signs placed in almost all the rooms in the palace. She also did not like using the newly invented telephone.
  • She enjoyed looking at art and was quite a talented artist herself. On several birthdays and anniversaries, she gave her husband a painting depicting nude, or near nude women.
  • Although the common image of Queen Victoria is of a serious looking woman, she had her fun side. She enjoyed a good joke, going to the opera, dancing and playing the piano.
  • Queen Victoria was devastated when her husband died in December, 1861. From that day on, she wore only black and was in a permanent state of mourning.
  • During her reign, there were at least seven attempts to kill her. Several of the would be assassins were sent to a mental asylum and were declared insane.
  • Queen Victoria could speak several languages, including Urdu and Hindustani. Although she never visited Canada, she declared Ottawa to be the capital of the province.
  • Named after the Queen, the Victoria Cross was introduced in 1856 for acts of bravery during the Crimean War. Today, it is still the highest award for bravery, not only in Britain, but in Canada and Australia.
  • Although she treated her staff well, she did not care for Prime Minister Gladstone. Often, she would remain standing so that he had to stand too, despite the fact that he was in his 80s.
  • The Penny Black, the first adhesive postage stamp, was released in Britain on 1st May 1840. It was designed by William Mulready and shows Queen Victoria in profile.

Penny Black

  • In the UK, hundreds of streets and squares are named after Queen Victoria, and there are many statues to her. London’s Victoria station is named after her, as well as the Victoria and Albert Museum.
  • Victoria Falls in Africa is named after Queen Victoria.
  • Many other places around the world are also named after her, including Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa, the capital of the Seychelles Islands, several Canadian cities and two states in Australia.
  • Queen Victoria’s reign is also known as the Victorian Era or the Victorian Period.

What next? Learn more about Queen Victoria and the Victorians by visiting the Primary Facts Victorians resources page.

81 thoughts to “Queen Victoria Facts”

  1. Very nice to see some people to take the time and do the history and facts about Victoria . EXCELLENT!! I certainly found information here that i never knew .
    Thanks again Alan..

  2. Wish I was the queen! This is such a great site for all ages.
    Thank you, from all the world and family xox

  3. This is an amazing website it has helped me soooo much through my topic homework I would recommend this website to my friends and teaches thanks soo muchXxx

  4. Thankkyou this website helped me with my history homework

  5. This really helped me with my presentation, Thanks So Much!

  6. good facts these are really going to help me with my presentation on queen victoria

  7. Really helpful, but you need to update the first fact, Queen Elizabeth the II is the longest reining monarch.

  8. Thanks so much for all those great facts on Queen Victoria and it really helped me on my homework and u are the best?❤️? thx

  9. this really has been great help for me and now i have a great understanding of the victorians

  10. My only question is, how are these primary facts when you weren’t even there at the time of Queen Victoria’s reign.

    1. Here’s another cool fact. Did you know that Queen Victoria had an empire as big as 14.2 million square miles? Now ya do.

      1. I think this was the estimated size of the British Empire in 1921, but it probably wasn’t dramatically different to the size of the Empire during Victoria’s reign. Thanks for letting people know.

    2. In the case of this website, the word ‘Primary’ refers to primary schools – the institutions attended by UK children, usually aged between 4 and 11.

  11. thx this helped a lot with my homework, many thanks

  12. Thanks to much. Got an A because of this in my project!! Very happy thanks again!

  13. Thanks very much! It helps with my homework to. And it’s very interesting to read about Queen Victoria. She was a very strong Queen!

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  16. thanks so much for helping me with my homework 🙂 i have a big assignment due in on vctorian times and it has really saved my time for this. thanks again emily x

  17. Great start for my senior year got an a+ thanks so much highest in my grade (8)

  18. Great site and really helped my daughter with her homework!!!!!!!! I Learnt a few things too.

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    1. I had an essay about Queen Victoria due in two days! This really helped ALOT! Thanks!!! ;-D

  25. thanks our topic is queen vic so when we got homework i could come to you thanks

    1. thanks our topic in school is queen Victoria and I have found a lot of facts about her and her life. Next time if it is the same homework I am going to this website.

  26. In school we are doing Victorian times and we were looking for facts on queen Victoria because my teacher told us to do it for our homework

    Thanks !!!!!!!!!!


  27. this website has really helped me with my topic this year so i just wanted to say a big thankyou to the people whp put this website toghther and just wanted to say you have done an amazing job

    thankyou again ella

    1. Thank u were learning about queen victoria and this really helped <3 thanks so much apreciate this 🙂

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