10 Pompeii Facts

Here are some facts about the city of Pompeii.

  • Pompeii was an ancient city in southern Italy. The remains of the settlement are located near to Naples.
  • The city of Pompeii was built at the foot of the volcano, Mount Vesuvius.

  • Pompeii predates Roman rule. Historians think it was a settlement built by the Oscan civilization in about the 6th century BC. It was then controlled by the Samnites, before becoming a Roman city in about 80 BC.
  • The city grew over the years and the original wooden buildings were slowly replaced with structures of brick and stone.
  • During the first century AD,  Pompeii was developing into a flourishing city port. It was a prosperous resort for numerous wealthy visitors. It contained many Roman villas, an amphitheatre, two theatres, several temples and an aqueduct system.
  • In 62 AD a severe earthquake did a significant amount of damage to Pompeii’s buildings. It took several years to rebuild the city after the damage and many of the residents relocated to other Roman cities.
  • Mt Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD. The eruption buried the city under volcanic ashes and cinders and exposed the city’s 20,000 inhabitants to blasts of hot air with temperatures of up to 250 degrees C, easily hot enough to kill even those people who were sheltering inside stone buildings.
  • Pliny the Younger, a Roman writer, witnessed the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, and his uncle, Pliny the Elder, lost his life trying to rescue the people of Pompeii.
  • Volcanic ashes completely covered the city, preserving the buildings.
  • People had forgotten that Pompeii even existed, and it lay buried under the ground for hundreds of years. In 1748 the excavation of Pompeii was begun and it archaeologists are still working on the site to this day.
  • In 1863, Giuseppe Fiorelli realised that some of the voids and gaps in the layers of ash were left by the decomposed bodies of Pompeii’s inhabitants. He pumped plaster into the holes and produced accurate casts of the people of Pompeii. A similar process is carried out today, using resin instead of plaster.


  • The eruption of Vesuvius was quite sudden, and many of Pompeii’s inhabitants lost their lives while going about their daily work.
  • Pompeii was not the only city covered by volcanic ash as a result of the eruption of Mt Vesuvius. Herculaneum and Stabiae may not be as famous, but the ash and cinders preserved them too.
  • Many of the buildings of Pompeii uncovered by archaeologists were in fantastically good condition and many of the walls were still covered with frescoes. Hundreds of well-preserved artifacts were also found.
  • Pompeii is now a major tourist attraction. It is UNESCO World Heritage Site and it attracts more than 2 million visitors every year.

What next? Discover more Roman facts or learn more about volcanoes.

85 thoughts to “10 Pompeii Facts”

  1. At school I got 5 Stamps thanks to these facts I want to visit can’t wait

  2. Tnx so much James it really helped me with me project and I only looked on this website!I will definitely use it again soon Tnx again

  3. thanks for the info i used it for my rome reasearch paper

  4. Omg this is so helpful!! It really helps with homework, which is a report on pomnpeii, for the reading class I am in! Thx

  5. Thanks this was great for my Latin homework 🙂

  6. Your information is so good I really like the idea of your primary facts!

  7. thankyou so much! this website helped me with my project!! <3

  8. This was so useful for my 100 word essay thx for making it

  9. This site is amazing and these facts are really helping me with my project that I have.

  10. reading this makes pompeii interesting. i hope i visit one day

  11. My husband & I just visited Pompeii couple of weeks ago 7/14/2015. Very interesting Ancient City to see.

    1. I know right! It is a very interesting and intriguing place to visit. It is good for education and learning. I went on the 6/7/2014.

  12. Has lots of information on Mount Vesuvius and using lots of scientific words and helped me.

  13. Although the facts are interesting there is no substitute for walking down the roman roads in the city and feel as though you have stepped back in time. It was an awe inspiring experience for me. Want to go back someday.


  15. thanks i needed some extra info for my humanities test of pompeii next week! XD

  16. Very intresting facts, I never knew that they used resin to get the casts of dead bodies.

  17. Thanks alot you rewlly helped me with my history project

  18. I love this information this website has tought me loads of things what I didn’t know bout I will be telling my friends in my class so we will be a expert at Italy YAY!

  19. We visited Pompeii in April, 2014 and found it fascinating! I can’t wait to go to the LA Science Center exhibit tomorrow. If you haven’t been to Pompeii…GO, if at all possible. It is amazing!!!

  20. 🙂 thanks help a lot with my project.
    8 out of 10

  21. this really helped me with an exam! I had to write and in class assessment with only this to revise before I wrote a whole essay on Pompeii that I knew nothing about!
    I got 18/20 and I only looked at this website!
    thankyou so mch!!!!

  22. These facts helped me with my school project yay thx guys

  23. Thanks a ton! This site was quick and easy, supplying all the facts I needed for my project! I will look for this site again for my projects! Thanks whoever designed this website, you deserve a lot more than thanks, but this is all I can do!

  24. I really like this website its really enjoyable. Thank you so so so much and it really did help me with my history work like Ben! 🙂 😉

  25. thanks this website is cool and this has just helped me with my history work. thanks! how ever made is website is a legend. 🙂

  26. Awesome facts about my Pompeii.It really gives me a lot of facts for my Social Studies Fair Progect!!!!

  27. Thanks a lot this website helped me get an A on my project.

  28. Thanks James! This really helped me, took me about 10 minutes whilst I was bored I thought and get my research done, it was quick and simple!

  29. This site was excellent for my sons project at school he’s 8

      1. Omg this is amazing it helped me on my homework and at school we are learning about Pompeii

  30. These facts really help me to learn about Pompeii and sometime I will be able to descover what the volcano looked like.

      1. me too because i am doing a project on volcanoes

  31. I love all of these facts and someday I will visit this city.

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