Croatia: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Croatia.

  • Croatia is located in central Europe and is one of the countries created when Yugoslavia split up. It covers about 56,000 square km and is bordered by Hungary, Serbia, Slovenia, Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

  • Croatia became a kingdom in the 10th century, and during the 12th century, shared the same monarch with Hungary. After World War I, it became part of Yugoslavia and declared independence in 1991.
  • It has a population of about 4.2 million, most of who live in Zagreb, the capital and largest city.
  • Along the Adriatic coast are over 1,000 islands, of which about 50 are inhabited.Zagreb’s history dates back to Roman times, and it was designated a free Royal town in 1242. It is known for its high standard of living, many museums and historic district.
  • Split is the country’s second city, and the largest on the Croatian coast. It is known for its 1,700 year old Diocletian Palace, built as a home by the Roman emperor Diocletian.
  • Dubrovnik is one of the 10 best preserved medieval cities in the world. Its walls stretch for 2 km around the city and are 6 metres thick in places.

Flag of Croatia

  • Football is the most popular sort in Croatia, and the ongoing rivalry between Zagreb and Split is known as the Eternal Derby.
  • Chess and bridge are also popular in the country.
  • Croatian food is influenced by Turkey, Hungary and Italy. Soup is served with almost every meal and Croatia also has two well-known wine producing regions.
  • Christmas is celebrated in Croatia, although St. Nick leaves gifts in children’s shoes on December 5th. He is also said to protect sailors and fishermen when they are at sea.
  • The circle or kolo dance has been popular in Croatia for centuries. It is known for its lively music and difficult dance steps and is performed on holidays and at weddings.

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