Jack Grealish Facts

Jack Grealish is an English professional football player who plays as an attacking midfielder for Manchester City and England. He is best known for his ability to dribble past defenders.

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Facts About Jack Grealish

  • Jack Grealish was born in Birmingham, England in 1995.
  • He grew up in the town of Solihull, and he went to Solihull’s Our Lady of Compassion Roman Catholic Primary School and St Peter’s Roman Catholic Secondary School.
  • Three of his four grandparents come from Ireland, and Jack Grealish played Gaelic football from the age of 10 to 14.
  • Jack Grealish’s younger brother, Keelan, died at the age of just 9 months in 2000.
  • Jack Grealish’s great-great-grandfather, Billy Garraty, played for Aston Villa. He won the 1905 FA Cup Final, and he earned one England cap.
  • As a young child, Jack Grealish played for Highgate United (a team based in Solihull).
  • He joined Aston Villa (the club he supported) at the age of six.
  • He was loaned by Aston Villa to Notts County in 2013, and he made his professional debut for Notts County against Milton Keynes.
  • He made his debut for Aston Villa in May 2014 against Manchester City in the Premier League.

I wouldn’t change what I do for the world – every single day, I’m lucky to be doing what I’m doing.

Jack Grealish
  • In 2019, when Jack Grealish was captain, Aston Villa won a club-record 10 league wins in a row.
  • In the 2019-20 Premier League season, Jack Grealish was fouled 167 times, a Premier League record. He was voted Aston Villa’s player of the season.
  • In 2021, Jack Grealish signed for Manchester City. The transfer fee was $100 million, making Jack Grealish the most expensive English player.
  • Jack Grealish has represented both the Republic of Ireland and England at under-21 level.
  • He made his senior debut for England in 2020 against Denmark.
  • Jack Grealish wears shin pads designed for children, and he wears his socks rolled down.
  • He enjoys listening to the music of Elvis Prestley and the band Queen.
  • He has three siblings – a brother (Kevan) and two sisters (Holly and Kiera).
  • He loves spending time with his family.
  • The best Christmas present he ever received was an orange BMX.
  • Pigs in blankets are his favourite part of a Christmas dinner.
  • He likes to eat out with family and friends.
  • Jack Grealish would like Leonardo Di Caprio to play him if a movie was made of his life
  • He is a terrible cook and can only make cheese on toast.
  • Jack Grealish’s dad watched every single one of his son’s matches when he was growing up.

Certain players just watch a little bit of football — not me, I watch everything. When I’m at home, no matter what game is on, I will watch it. Ask me about any player and I’ll know all about him.

Jack Grealish

Mount Wycheproof: Facts About the World’s Smallest Mountain

  • Located in Wycheproof (Victoria, Australia), Mount Wycheproof is the world’s smallest mountain.
  • It stands 148 metres above sea level, and it rises 43 metres above the land surrounding it.
  • Wycheproof is derived from an aboriginal word meaning hill with grass.
  • The settlement of Wycheproof is located on the southern slopes of Mount Wycheproof. It was founded in 1846.
  • A mineral called Wycheproofite (a hydrated sodium aluminium zirconium phosphate) is exclusively found around Mount Wycheproof.
  • Mount Wycheproof is a granite outcrop with a rocky conical peak. It is part of the Terrick Terrick range.
  • At the time of writing, Wycheproof town has a population of less than 800.
  • People have said that fewer people have reached the summit of Mount Wycheproof than have summited Mount Everest.
  • There are numerous tracks leading up Mount Wycheproof. Emus and kangaroos can often be seen in the region.
  • Mount Wycheproof is becoming an increasingly popular tourist attraction. The local Post Office provides certificates to prove that visitors have reached the summit.
  • Although in the UK and the US mountains traditionally have summits of at least 1000 feet high, there is no official difference between a mountain and a hill, and different countries have different criteria. Even though it might look like a hill, in Australia, Mount Wycheproof is recognised as a mountain.
  • Up until the late 1980s, a King of the Mountain event used to be held, with competitors racing each other up the slopes while holding a 60kg bag of wheat. Crowds numbering 7000 used to come and watch the event.
  • Mount Wycheproof is about 5 miles lower than Mount Everest.
  • The wildflower Correa Glabra (Wycheproof form) is exclusive to the region.
  • A globe-shaped sculpture made by Jimmy Johnson from recycled metal is located at the top of Mount Wycheproof.

Kate Malone Facts

Kate Malone is an English ceramicist best known for her large, colourful pots inspired by nature and natural forms.

Facts About Kate Malone

  • Kate Malone was born in London in 1959.
  • Her father was a football journalist and a TV commentator for ITV.
  • She first worked with clay at school when she was fourteen years old.
  • Kate Malone went to Bristol Polytechnic, and she also studied at the Royal College of Art in London.
  • She has two ceramic studios, one in Thanet (Kent), and one in London.
  • Kate Malone creates with clay in different spheres – decorative arts, large-scale public projects or installations, and glaze research.
  • From 2008 to 2010, Kate Malone completed a two-year residence in Barcelona. Before that, she lived in France’s Provence region.
  • She has a daughter called Scarlet, and her husband is a builder.

Nature is at the root of everything I do. Either I am drawing directly from a natural form, which could be anything from a garlic bulb to a blackberry, or I am capturing something deeper and more essential – the force of nature, the freshness and sense of growth.

Kate Malone
  • She usually works with T material clay, often used in industrial ceramics, but she has also worked with red clay.
  • Her work is inspired by natural forms, including the shapes and patterns associated with different fruits and vegetables.
  • Her work is part of numerous museum and gallery collections, including Manchester Art Gallery, Bristol City Museum, The Ashmolean Museum, the Victoria & Albert Museum, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
  • Her work has appeared in exhibitions in cities all over the world, including Houston, Montreal, Charlotte, Belfast, Cardiff, Manchester, Leeds, London, and Bristol.
  • In 2019, she was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services to ceramic art.
  • She was one of the judges on the BBC’s The Great Pottery Throw Down TV show.
  • Her work is sold through the Adrian Sassoon company, and pieces routinely sell in the five-figure price range.

I have been developing glazes for more than 25 years, and have devised more than 1000 recipes. It requires serious research and testing.

Kate Malone in 2010.
  • Some of her large pots are more than 1 metre high, and they have to be fired in a specially designed kiln.
  • She has collaborated with Russell Gibbs of Cheddar Gorge Pottery.

All my pots are coiled pots and are very simply made – all I really need to make them is a small turntable, a hack saw blade, a few wooden tools and my fingers. I often take quite a complex shape like a pineapple and then pare it down to simple geometric sections which need to be repeated over and over again.

Kate Malone in 2009
  • She has more than ten employees who help her with her work.
  • She loves dogs.

River Goyt: Facts and Information

The River Goyt is located in North West England, and it is a tributary of the River Mersey.

Facts About the River Goyt

  • It is thought that the name Goyt might be linked to the Middle English word for stream.
  • The source of the River Goyt is located on Axe Edge Moor, Derbyshire.
  • In Stockport, the River Goyt joins the River Tame to form the River Mersey.
  • Numerous bridges span the River Goyt, including Whaley Bridge, Marple Bridge, and Derbyshire Bridge.
  • The River Goyt has several tributaries, including Poise Brook, Todd Brook, Meveril Brook, Padden Brook, Strines Brook, Carr Brook, River Sett, and Gnathole Brook.
  • One of the bridges over the River Goyt, located between New Mills and Marple, is called Roman Bridge. However, this bridge wasn’t built by the Romans. It was actually constructed in the 17th century.
  • The Goyt Valley has been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest. A mixture of moorland and woodland, it is home to numerous animals (such as voles hares, rabbits, and foxes), and birds (such as redstarts, kestrels, skylarks, and red grouse).
  • Erwood Reservoir is stocked with trout every spring.
  • The Derbyshire gritstone sheep were once called Dale o’ Goyt, and they originated in the Goyt Valley area of the Peak District.
  • The Cat and Fiddle Inn (the second-highest pub in England), built in the early 19th century, is located close to the River Goyt’s source. The reason behind the inn’s name is unclear.
  • The ruins of Errwood Hall are located in the Goyt Valley. Built in 1830 by Samuel Grimshawe, the Erwood Hall estate once had its own coal mine, more than 40,000 rhododendron bushes, a family burial ground, and a school.
  • Errwood Hall was demolished in 1934 by the Stockport Water Corporation to make way for the Errwood Reservoir.
  • 1000s of people visit the Errwood Hall ruins every year.
  • Several local people, including Carl Bothamley, Nicola Sutton, and Matt Finney, have claimed that the Errwood Hall site is haunted.
  • Local legend says that a highwayman called Pym used to ambush those using the packhorse route at Pym Chair. Others have claimed that Paym was the name of a preacher.
  • The two reservoirs in the Goyt Valley (Fernilee Reservoir and Errwood Reservoir) have significantly altered the landscape of the region since their construction. Before the reservoirs, the Goy Valley was home to more than ten farms, a quarry, a gunpowder factory, and several coal mines.
  • Derbyshire Bridge used to represent a point where the county of Derbyshire met the county of Cheshire.
  • Errwood Hall appears in the fantasy novel The Moon of Gomrath by Alan Garner.

Claes Oldenburg Facts

Claes Oldenburg is an American sculptor, best known for his large public sculptures of oversize everyday objects. He has also produced drawings, paintings, and soft sculpture replicas of household objects.

Facts About Claes Oldenburg

  • Claes Oldenburg was born in Stockholm, Sweden in 1929.
  • He grew up in Chicago, US, where his father was stationed as a Swedish diplomat.
  • Claes Oldenburg attended the Latin School of Chicago. He went on to study Literature and Art History at Yale University. He took further art classes at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago.
  • He worked as a reporter for the City News Bureau of Chicago.
  • In 1953, Claes Oldenburg became a citizen of the United States.
  • He moved to New York in the mid-1950s, and he met a number of artists including Allan Kaprow, Red Grooms, and Jim Dine who were providing an alternative to the abstract expressionism that was the dominant art movement at that time.
  • In 1957, Claes Oldenburg created his first soft sculpure. This work is now known as Sausage and consists of a woman’s stockings stuffed with newspaper.
  • In 1960, he experimented with making sculptures of simple figures, letters, and signs. He mainly constructed them from newspaper, cardboard, and burlap (hessian). After that, he began to use chicken wire coated with canvas soaked with plaster and layered with enamel paint. Everyday objects were the subjects of these sculptures.
  • In the 1960s, Claes Oldenburg created numerous performance art ‘happenings’ (events).
  • In 1961, he created The Store, a month-long exhibition of sculptures, mainly based on consumer goods.

If you look at a thing, it always comes to life in some way. I like form of every kind, especially anything surprising that a thing can be, and I’m there to watch and build it into my work.

Claes Oldenburg
  • From the 1970s onwards, Claes Oldenburg has mainly worked on public commissions. Trowel I is a sculpture of an oversize garden tool, and Spoonbridge and Cherry features a usable bridge made from a spoon with a cherry balanced on top.
  • His other works included Typewriter Eraser Scale X, Free Stamp, Toppling Ladder With Spilling Paint, Giant Binoculars, Dropped Cone, Flying Pins, Giant Pool Balls, The Garden Hose, Screw Arch, Plug, Shuttlecocks, and Paint Torch.
  • Most of Claes Oldenburg’s public works were created in collaboration with his wife Coosje van Bruggen.

I work in all kinds of media. Certain ones – such as cardboard, foam and soft materials – I can handle myself, but I need help when it comes to sewing or metallic pieces, so I have a number of factories that I liaise with.

Claes Oldenburg
  • Claes Oldenburg’s work has appeared in exhibitions and installations in cities all over the world, including New York, London, Washington DC, Seoul, Kansas City, Middlesbrough, Eindhoven, Milan, and Bonn.
  • Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen own Château de la Borde in France’s Loire Valley. They renovated the house and decorated it with artwork and designer pieces by Charles and Ray Eames, Eileen Gray, Alvar Aalto, Frank Gehry, and Le Corbusier.
  • In 2009, Claes Oldeburg’s Typewriter Eraser (one piece out of three manufactured) sold at auction for more than $2 million, and in 2015 Clothespin Ten Foot sold for more than $3.5 million.
  • He has property in New York, California, and France.
  • Claes Oldenburg has been credited with ‘making the hard soft, and the small colossal’.

I think in terms of surprises. A day can be full of surprises. You never know what is going to come the next day, how you are going to wake up and what you are going to think about.

Claes Oldenburg
  • He is an avid diarist and notetaker, and he has kept a diary since the mid-1950s.

Harry Kane Facts

Harry Kane is an English footballer who plays as a striker for Tottenham Hotspur and England.

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Facts About Harry Kane

  • Harry Kane was born in 1993 in the east London town of Walthamstow.
  • He has an older brother called Charlie.
  • When he was a boy, Harry Kane’s family moved to Chingford in Essex, and he went to Larkswood Primary School.
  • When he was six years old, he joined the Ridgeway Rovers football club.
  • Teddy Sheringham (a striker for Tottenham and England) was one of his biggest football heroes when he was young. He was also inspired by David Beckham, Brazil’s Ronaldo, and Jermain Defoe.
  • Harry Kane originally joined the Arsenal youth academy, but he was released after just one year for not being athletic enough. At the age of 11, he joined the Tottenham Hotspur academy. He played some games as a holding midfielder and some games as an attacking midfielder.
  • He attended the Chingford Foundation School, the same high school that David Beckham went to.
  • In the 2009-10 season, Harry Kane scored 18 goals in 22 appearances for Tottenham’s under-18 side.
  • In July 2010, he signed his first professional contract.
  • Harry Kane made his Tottenham debut against the Scottish team Hearts in a UEFA Europa League qualification round second leg match. He won a penalty, but his penalty kick was saved by the goalkeeper.

I think self-belief is a massive thing in football. If you don’t believe in yourself, not many others will. Work hard and believe in yourself, and I think you’ll go as far as your body will take you.

Harry Kane
  • In the early part of his Tottenham career, Harry Kane had loan spells at Leyton Orient, Millwall, Norwich, and Leicester.
  • In April 2014, Harry Kane made his first Premier League start for Tottenham. He scored, and he went on to score in his next two matches as well.
  • In the 2014-15 season, Harry Kane scored 21 Premier League goals in 34 appearances. He was voted the PFA Young Player of the Year.
  • Harry Kane won the Premier League Golden Boot (awarded to the league’s top goalscorer) for the 2015-16 season after scoring 25 goals in 38 games. He won the award again in 2016-17 (scoring 29 goals in 30 appearances).
  • In the 2017-18 season, Harry Kane became the first player to score 6 hat-tricks in one Premier League season. He also scored 39 Premier League goals in one calendar year, beating a record set by Alan Shearer.
  • During the 2020-21 season, Harry Kane scored 23 goals (earning him his third Golden Boot award), and he finished with the most Premier League assists (earning him the Premier League Playmaker of the Year award).
  • Harry Kane made his England debut in 2016. He scored 80 seconds after coming on as a replacement for Wayne Rooney against Lithuania at Wembley Stadium.
  • He captained England for the first time in 2017.
  • At the time of writing (2022), Harry Kane is England’s second all-time leading goalscorer (50 goals), and he has scored 183 Premier League goals.
  • Harry Kane has a sponsorship deal with Nike.

When I broke into the Premier League, I was not quite as physically developed as the other players. With Mauricio Pochettino, we did a lot in the gym, trying to improve my strength and speed and power. I got a bit addicted to improving the statistics. I put pressure on myself to get better.

Harry Kane
  • In 2020, Harry Kane sponsored Leyton Orient’s shirts to help the club deal with the financial burden imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. The home shirt showed a thank-you message to the staff of the NHA, and the away shirt displayed a Haven House Children’s Hospice logo.
  • Harry Kane married Katie Goodland. They met in high school. They have three children.
  • Harry Kane’s Labrador retrievers were named Brady and Wilson after the NFL quarterbacks, Tom Brady and Russell Wilson.
  • In his free time, he enjoys playing golf.
  • In 2019, Harry Kane was made an MBE (Member of the Order of the British Empire) for services to football.
  • In 2018, he won the World Cup Golden Boot after scoring 6 goals in the tournament.
  • Harry Kane is a big NFL fan. Tom Brady is one of his sporting heroes and Harry Kane has expressed an interest in trying out as an American Football kicker after his footballing career has come to an end.
  • He enjoys watching the Dexter TV show.

Football is my job. I dedicated a lot of time and work to be where I am now, and I think some players lose sight of that. You start to think the other things are more important, more exciting, but what I am paid for is to work hard and be professional.

Harry Kane
  • Some of his favourite foods include chicken paella, steak, brown rice, and salad. For breakfast, he enjoys brown toast, omelette, and spinach.
  • One of his favourite films is 2009’s Law Abiding Citizen starring Jamie Foxx and Gerard Butler.
  • Ryan Gosling is one of his favourite actors.

Joël Penkman Facts

Joël Penkman is artist and illustrator best known for her paintings of food.

Facts About Joël Penkman

  • Joël Penkman was born in New Zealand in 1979.
  • She currently lives in Liverpool, UK.
  • She studied Graphic Design at the Canterbury University School of Fine Arts in New Zealand.
  • She moved to England and worked as a freelance graphic designer for 6 years.
  • When she is painting food, she begins by taking lots of photographs, and then she uses Photoshop to combine parts of the images to create an image she is happy with.
  • She paints in egg tempura. This is an old painting method, most popular in the 1400s. The paint is made by combining egg yolk and handground paint pigment. The paint dries very fast and it must be applied in layers.
  • Egg tempura paint is not flexible enough to be painted onto standard canvases or paper. As a result, Joël Penkman prepares wooden boards coated with genuine gesso. Each gesso board must be sanded and polished before the egg tempura paint can be applied.
  • Most of her paintings are started with blue brushstrokes.
  • It usually takes her between one and two weeks to complete a large painting.
  • Biscuits in a Line was the first painting she produced in her signiature style.

Look at other artists for inspiration but it’s important to find and develop your own style so you stand out from the crowd.

Joël Penkman
  • Joël Penkman is an admirer of the still life paintings of Wayne Thebaud and Lisa Milroy. She also likes the work of George Shaw. Andrew Wyeth, Grahame Sydney, and Edward Hopper.
  • Joël Penkman has produced artwork for a number of clients, including McDonald’s, Chronicle Books, the Financial Times, Esquire, The Fine Cheese Co, Eat, and Bombay Sapphire.

Food triggers memories and emotion, I like that people can bring something of themselves to the artworks.

Joël Penkman
  • Her art work has been used to illustrate, or has been featured in, several books, including The Taste of America by Colman Andrews, Cool Painting by Carolina Amell, and A Big Important Art Book by Daniella Krysa.

I love food, and I love to paint, so combining the two seemed like a good idea. My compositions are simple still-life studies with clean backgrounds to make easier for individuals to make a connection. Food triggers memories and emotion, I like that people can bring something of themselves to the artworks.

Joël Penkman
  • Although Joël Penkman mostly paints food (cakes, biscuits, sweets, packets of Monster Munch crisps, vegetables, hotdogs, desserts, fruit, and fishfingers), she has also painted a variety of other still-life subjects, including buttons, teapots, teacups, ornaments, wallets, watches, and stacks of books.
  • She is an admirer of art made in the 1920s.
  • When she isn’t painting, Joël Penkman enjoys cooking, gardening, going to car boot sales, and renovating old furniture.
  • She has had a pet tabby cat called Molly.
  • She would like to learn how to make ceramics.
  • Her husband is called James.

What is Doodle Art?

A doodle is a drawing made without a high level of conscious thought. They are usually unplanned and often made while a person is thinking about something else.

Doodles may be abstract or they may have a theme or a concrete subject. People often doodle when they are bored, or daydreaming, and it is common to find doodles in the margins and covers of school books and lecture notes.

Many doodlers find themselves coming back to the same patterns or subjects in their doodles, and different doodlers develop different styles.

Famous doodlers include Samuel Beckett, John Keats, Sylvia Plath, Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas Jefferson, Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, Alexander Pushkin, Maria Sharapova, Eddie Vedder, and Johnny Depp.

Because they are created on-the-fly, doodles often exhibit a spontaneous, experimental quality that is often missing in planned pieces of artwork. As a result, some artists have embraced doodling as an art form, and have developed styles that seek to capture some of the freshness and fun associated with doodles. This art style is known as Doodle Art, and those who work in this way are known as Doodle Artists.

Doodle art can allow artists to show parts of their personality and artistic style that may not be obvious in their other works of art.

Doodle Artists

Some artists have embraced doodling as an art form, and have either produced artwork solely based on doodling techniques or have used doodling alongside other techniques.

  • Mr Doodle (Sam Cox)
  • Hattie Stewart
  • Jon Burgerman
  • John Whale (Doodle Boy)
  • Mattias Adolfsson
  • Matt Lyon
  • Eva-Lotta Lamm
  • Viktor Kalvachev
  • Fred Blunt
  • Pat Perry
  • Kerby Rosanes
  • Lisa Krasse
  • Jim Bradshaw
  • Chris Piascik
  • Sagaki Keita
  • Johanna Basford
  • Chris Glasz
  • Visoth Kakvei

Marcus Rashford Facts

Marcus Rashford is a British international footballer and an effective campaigner against child food poverty.

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Facts About Marcus Rashford

  • Marcus Rashford was born in 1997 in Manchester England.
  • His birthday is on 31st October – Halloween.
  • His mother was a single parent, and she often had to work more than one job to feed her family. She was sometimes forced to skip meals so that Marcus Rashford and his two older brothers (Dwaine and Dane) and his two older sisters (Chantelle and Claire) could eat.
  • Marcus Rashford’s cousin is the footballer Lois Maynard, who has played for several teams including Halifax Town, Tranmere Rovers, Salford City, Stockport County, and Oldham Athletic.
  • At the age of five, Marcus Rashford played football for Fletcher Moss Rangers. He was originally a goalkeeper before switching to forward.
  • He joined the Manchester United academy programme at the age of seven, choosing Manchester over Everton or Liverpool.
  • When he was eleven years old, Marcus Rashford was selected for the Manchester United Schoolboy Scholars scheme. He was the youngest player to do so.
  • As a youngster, he played cage football with Paul Pogba and Jesse Lingard.
  • In 2015, Marcus Rashford was named as a substitute for a Manchester United Premier League match against Watford. He wore the number 39 shirt but never made it onto the pitch.
  • On 25 February 2016 Marcus Rashford made his Manchester United debut, scoring 2 goals against Midtjylland in the UEFA Europa League.
  • He made his Premier League debut against Arsenal.
  • By the end of the 2021/22 Premier League season, Marcus Rashford has scored 59 Premier League goals. His best goalscoring season was in 2019/20, when he scored 17 times in the Premier League.
  • Before the start of the 2022/23 season, Marcus Rashford had played 46 times for England, scoring 12 goals.
  • Marcus Rashford set up the In the Box campaign with Selfridges department store in 2019, providing homeless people with essential items over the Christmas period.
  • In March 2020, working with the food waste charity FareShare, Marcus Rashford raised more than £20 million to provide meals to those children who weren’t receiving their free school meals due to the UK lockdown. More than 4 million meals were delivered.
  • Marcus Rashford wrote an open letter to the UK government in June 2020, challenging them to address UK child poverty. The next day, the government implemented a policy to provide free meals during the summer holidays to those children who received free school meals during term time.

I don’t have the education of a politician, but I have a social education having lived through this and having spent time with the families and children most affected. These children matter… And as long as they don’t have a voice they will have mine.

Marcus Rashford
  • Marcus Rashford was made an MBE (Member of the Order of the British Empire) in October 2020.
  • Marcus Rashford signed with Jay-Z’s agency Roc Nation in 2020.
  • He won an award at the 2020 Pride of Britain Award ceremony for his efforts to eradicate child food poverty. He was named Campaigner of the Year by GQ, and he received a special award at the BBC Sports Personality of the Year.
  • He published a children’s book called You Are a Champion. It won Book of the Year at the 2022 British Book Awards.
  • Marcus Rashford is 5′ 11″.
  • He enjoys playing Call of Duty and FIFA on his Playstation. He also likes playing online Monopoly.
  • He signed with Nike when he was 11.
  • Kellogg’s Fruit ‘n Fibre is his favourite cereal. He used to eat seven or eight bowls a day before he learned about the importance of good nutrition.
  • He enjoys reading motivational books, such as Relentless by Tim Grover.
  • He loves dogs and he has had an Italian Mastiff as a pet.
  • Marcus Rashford was a guest editor of the Beano comic in 2022. He aslso appeared in some of the comic strips alongside some of the Beano characters, such as the Bash Street Kids, Billy Whizz, and Bananaman.

Eduardo Paolozzi Facts

Eduardo Paolozzi was a Scottish sculptor and artist. He is said to be the pioneer of the Pop Art movement.

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Facts About Eduardo Paolozzi

  • Eduardo Paolozzi was born in Leith in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1924.
  • He was the son of Italian immigrants from Viticuso in Lazio. Eduardo Paolozzi’s parents ran a shop selling ice cream and chocolates. They made their ice cream in the cellar.
  • He had a sister called Yolanda who was ten years younger than him.
  • Eduardo Paolozzi spent the summers in Italy with his grandparents, and he grew up fluent in both English and Italian.
  • In 1940, following the outbreak of World War 2, Eduardo Paolozzi was interned (imprisoned without charge because he was deemed an enemy citizen) along with the majority of other Italian men living in Britain at the time. His detainment lasted for three months.
  • Tragically, Eduardo Paolozzi’s father, uncle, and grandfather drowned when a ship taking them to Canada was sunk by a German U-boat.
  • In 1943, he attended the Edinburgh College of Art, and from 1944 to 1947 he studied at the Slade School of Fine Art at the University College London.
  • From 1947 to 1949, Eduardo Paolozzi moved to Paris, France, and he got to know the artists Alberto Giacometti, Georges Braque, Jean Arp, Fernand Leger, and Constantin Brancusi.
Eduardo Paolozzi sculpture
  • He returned to London and set up a studio in Chelsea. The rooms were filled with objects collected by Eduardo Paolozzi, including models, toys, books, sculptures, materials, and tools. Many of these items were used in his artwork.
  • In 1952, Eduardo Paolozzi founded the Independent Group, a group of artists who met at the Institute of Contemporary Arts and were thought to be the forerunners of the Pop Art movement.
  • Eduardo Paolozzi’s 1947 collage titled I was a Rich Man’s Plaything is considered by many to be the first work of Pop Art.
  • In 1955, he moved to Thorpe-le-Soken in Essex with his family, and with Nigel Henderson (an artist and photographer) he set up Hammer Prints Ltd, a company producing textiles, ceramics and wallpaper.
  • Although he has worked with numerous mediums over his career (paper collage, ceramics, textiles) he is possibly best known for his sculptures. He often described his artwork as surrealist.

 I try to reject the ordinary ways of making the art image.

Eduardo Paolozzi (1971)
  • In the 1960s, he produced a series of silkscreen prints full of pop culture references and technological imagery.
  • During the 1970s, he had a studio in Munich, Germany.
  • Eduardo Paolozzi designed mosaics for London’s Tottenham Court Road tube station in 1982.
  • In 1968, he was made a CBE, and he joined the Royal Academy of Arts in 1979.
  • He produced a series of tapestries for the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales in 1980.
  • In 1989, Eduardo Paolozzi was knighted as a Knight Bachelor.
  • He produced the artwork for the cover of Paul McCartney’s Red Rose Speedway album.
  • His bronze sculpture Netwon after Blake, completed in 1995, is located in the British Library’s forecourt, and his sculpture called A Miximus Ad Minima is in Kew Gardens.
  • He wrote several books during his career, including Recurring Themes, Junk and the New Arts and Crafts Movement, and Metalfisikal Translations.
  • Eduardo Paolozzi was good friends with Peter Boizot, the founder of the Soho Jazz Festival, and the Pizza Express restaurant chain.
  • He suffered a stroke in 2001. Following this, he used wheelchair to get around. He died in 2005 at the age of 81.
  • Eduardo Paolozzi loved American culture and he often included American advertisements and magazine images in his collages. He was also intrigued by the relationship between man and machines. His sculptures sometimes reflected this with scraps of metal taking on crude figurative forms.
  • His work was influenced by Surrealism and Cubism.

I don’t want to make prints that will help people to escape from the terrible world. I want to remind them.

Eduardo Paolozzi (1971)