Lord Carnarvon Facts

Lord Carnarvon was an English aristocrat, best known for being the key financial backer of many of Howard Carter’s Egyptian excavation projects, including the excavation in the Valley of the Kings of the tomb of Tutankhamun.

Facts About Lord Carnarvon

  • Lord Carnarvon was born George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert in 1866.
  • His father was Henry Herbert, the 4th Earl of Carnarvon, and his mother was Lady Evelyn Stanhope.
  • Lord Carnarvon attended Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • From his maternal grandmother, he inherited Bretby Hall in Derbyshire, and he became the 5th Earl of Carnarvon following the death of his father in 1890.
  • In 1895 he married Almina Victoria Maria Alexandra Wombwell, the illegitimate daughter of Alfred de Rothschild. Rothschild paid a marriage settlement of £500,000 (a sum that would total more than £60 million today). This allowed Lord Carnarvon to pay off all of his debts.
  • In 1902, Lord Carnarvon set up the Highclere Stud to breed racehorses.
  • His grandson, the 7th Earl of Carnarvon was Queen Elizabeth II’s racing manager.
  • In 1903, after becoming injured in a car accident, his doctors recommended that he spend winters abroad. He started to visit Egypt, and became a keen Egyptologist, seeking out antiquities for a collection he was putting together in England.
  • In 1907, he employed Howard Carter to carry out the excavation of some Ancient Egyptian tombs near Thebes.
Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter
  • In 1914, he again employed Howard Carter, this time to search the Valley of the Kings for any tombs missed during previous explorations and excavations. The search was hampered by World War I, but in 1922 Howard Carter sent a telegram to Lord Carnarvon to inform him that a sealed tomb had been located.
  • Lord Carnarvon was present with his daughter, Lady Evelyn Herbert, when the staircase to the tomb was cleared, and he was present when the sealed doorway to the room containing Tutankhamun’s cartouche was breached.
  • Some reports suggest that Howard Carter, Lord Carnarvon, and Lady Evelyn Herbert entered the inner burial chamber of Tutankhamun’s tomb before the arrival of the officials of the Egyptian Department of Antiquities.
  • Lord Carnarvon sold the rights to report on the Tutankhamun excavation to The Times newspaper.
  • In 1923, Lord Carnarvon received a severe mosquito bite. The bite became infected after he nicked it with a razor when he was shaving, and he died of blood poisoning in Cairo.
  • The press speculated that Lord Carnarvon had been struck down by the Curse of Tutankhamun, and Arthur Conan Doyle (the author of the Sherlock Holmes books) suggested that Lord Carnarvon had been killed by elemental priests guarding the tomb.
  • Lord Carnarvon’s country house, Highclere Castle, featured in the Downton Abbey TV series.
  • Lord Carnarvon was played by Sam Neil in ITV’s 2016 Tutankhamun television series.

Frank Whittle: Facts About the Inventor of the Jet Engine

Frank Whittle was an officer in the Royal Air Force, an engineer, and an inventor. He is best known for inventing the turbojet engine.

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Facts About Frank Whittle

  • Frank Whittle was born in Coventry in 1907. His family moved to Royal Leamington Spa when he was nine years old, and his father ran the Leamington Valve and Piston Ring Company.
  • Frank Whittle learned to use all of the tools at his father’s workplace, and he became very knowledgeable about the company’s single-cylinder gas engine.
  • He attended Milverton School and Leamington College for Boys, and he was an avid reader, spending much of his free time in the library learning about engineering, turbines, aviation, and the theory of flight.
  • When he was fifteen years old, he decided to become a pilot and he completed an application to join the RAF.
  • In 1923, Frank Whittle passed the RAF entrance examination and reported to RAF Halton (Buckinghamshire) to start as an Aircraft Apprentice. Unfortunately, due to his small stature (he was only 5′ 2″ tall) and narrow frame, he failed the medical assessment.
  • Undeterred, Frank Whittle focused on improving his physique and applied to the RAF again using a different name. This time he was accepted, and in September 1923 he began the three-year training to become an aircraft mechanic.
  • During his time in RAF training, Frank Whittle joined the Model Aircraft Society. He built several high-quality working replicas of planes, and these were noticed by one of his commanding officers. This, combined with the fact that Frank Whittle was an exceptional mathematician, resulted in Frank Whittle being put forward for officer training at RAF College Cranwell.
  • Part of the training at Cranwell involved flying an Avro 504 biplane, and after just 13.5 hours of tuition, Frank Whittle flew solo for the first time. He soon moved on to fly Bristol Fighters and became known for his skillful flying maneuvers.
  • Frank Whittle graduated in 1928 (ranking second in his class for academics) and was commissioned as a pilot officer at the age of just 21.
  • While at Cranwell, he wrote a thesis called Future Developments in Aircraft Design. He discussed using motorjets and argued for the benefits of flying at high altitudes.
  • In 1928, he joined No 111 Squadron based at Hornchurch, and he soon went on to become a flying instructor at the Central Flying School at Wittering.
  • In 1930, Whittle patented his idea to use turbine engines instead of piston engines to make his motorjet principles a reality. He previously shared his ideas with the RAF, but their top engineers had decided that Whittle’s concepts would be impracticable.
  • In 1931, Frank Whittle was posted to the Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment at Felixstowe, Suffolk. As part of his work, he piloted more than twenty different types of seaplanes and flying boats.
  • He attended Peterhouse College, Cambridge in 1934, and graduated two years later with a degree in Mechanical Sciences.
  • In 1936, Frank Whittle signed an agreement with OT Falk, the Air Ministry, Rolf Dudley-Williams, and James Collingwood Tinling to form a company called Power Jets Ltd.
  • Power Jets worked with British Thomson Houston (a steam turbine company) to manufacture the first prototype jet engine design.
  • At the same time as the Power Jets prototype was being made, a German group of engineers was working on their own jet engine design. With the support of the German Ministry of Aviation, their efforts made it into the air first. But the German engines continually overheated and would only last a maximum of 25 hours before burning out. It is estimated that more than 200 pilots lost their lives during training in Messerschmitt Me 262s powered by the Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet engine, but these planes proved to be very effective late on in World War 2, shooting down more than 500 Allied planes.
  • Whittle worked increasingly hard to turn his ideas of an efficient and reliable working jet engine into a reality. He frequently worked 16-hour days, and he suffered from headaches and heart palpitations.
  • In 1939, Frank Whittle finally managed to convince the Air Ministry to invest more heavily in his design. After proving that the technology was sustainable, the Air Ministry purchased the Power Jets company, and Frank Whittle was made Chief Technical Advisor. He received a payment of £10,000 (a much lower sum than the value of the shares he owned in Power Jets). He resigned in 1946.
  • In 1948, he received a payment of £100,000 from the Royal Commission on Awards to recognize the contribution he had made to developing the jet engine. He left the RAF in the same year with the rank of Air Commodore.
  • He worked for Shell in the 1950s, and then he went on to work for Bristol Aero Engines.
  • In 1967, Frank Whittle is inducted into the International Air & Space Hall of Fame.
  • In the 1960s, he became good friends with one of the leading German engineers (part of the group he had competed with when he was prototyping his jet engine), Hans von Ohain.

If you had been given the money you would have been six years ahead of us. If Hitler or Goering had heard that there is a man in England who flies 500 mph in a small experimental plane and that it is coming into development, it is likely that World War II would not have come into being.

Hans von Ohain on Frank Whittle
  • Frank Whittle died in 1996 at his home in Columbia, Maryland, US. He was 89.
  • Frank Whittle has been commemorated in his birthplace of Coventry with the Whittle Arch (located outside the Coventry Transport Museum), and a statue created by Faith Winter. There is also a Sir Frank Whittle Primary School and the Frank Whittle building at Coventry University.
  • Frank Whittle was knighted in 1948.

Jack Grealish Facts

Jack Grealish is an English professional football player who plays as an attacking midfielder for Manchester City and England. He is best known for his ability to dribble past defenders.

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Facts About Jack Grealish

  • Jack Grealish was born in Birmingham, England in 1995.
  • He grew up in the town of Solihull, and he went to Solihull’s Our Lady of Compassion Roman Catholic Primary School and St Peter’s Roman Catholic Secondary School.
  • Three of his four grandparents come from Ireland, and Jack Grealish played Gaelic football from the age of 10 to 14.
  • Jack Grealish’s younger brother, Keelan, died at the age of just 9 months in 2000.
  • Jack Grealish’s great-great-grandfather, Billy Garraty, played for Aston Villa. He won the 1905 FA Cup Final, and he earned one England cap.
  • As a young child, Jack Grealish played for Highgate United (a team based in Solihull).
  • He joined Aston Villa (the club he supported) at the age of six.
  • He was loaned by Aston Villa to Notts County in 2013, and he made his professional debut for Notts County against Milton Keynes.
  • He made his debut for Aston Villa in May 2014 against Manchester City in the Premier League.

I wouldn’t change what I do for the world – every single day, I’m lucky to be doing what I’m doing.

Jack Grealish
  • In 2019, when Jack Grealish was captain, Aston Villa won a club-record 10 league wins in a row.
  • In the 2019-20 Premier League season, Jack Grealish was fouled 167 times, a Premier League record. He was voted Aston Villa’s player of the season.
  • In 2021, Jack Grealish signed for Manchester City. The transfer fee was $100 million, making Jack Grealish the most expensive English player.
  • Jack Grealish has represented both the Republic of Ireland and England at under-21 level.
  • He made his senior debut for England in 2020 against Denmark.
  • Jack Grealish wears shin pads designed for children, and he wears his socks rolled down.
  • He enjoys listening to the music of Elvis Prestley and the band Queen.
  • He has three siblings – a brother (Kevan) and two sisters (Holly and Kiera).
  • He loves spending time with his family.
  • The best Christmas present he ever received was an orange BMX.
  • Pigs in blankets are his favourite part of a Christmas dinner.
  • He likes to eat out with family and friends.
  • Jack Grealish would like Leonardo Di Caprio to play him if a movie was made of his life
  • He is a terrible cook and can only make cheese on toast.
  • Jack Grealish’s dad watched every single one of his son’s matches when he was growing up.

Certain players just watch a little bit of football — not me, I watch everything. When I’m at home, no matter what game is on, I will watch it. Ask me about any player and I’ll know all about him.

Jack Grealish

Harry Kane Facts

Harry Kane is an English footballer who plays as a striker for Tottenham Hotspur and England.

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Facts About Harry Kane

  • Harry Kane was born in 1993 in the east London town of Walthamstow.
  • He has an older brother called Charlie.
  • When he was a boy, Harry Kane’s family moved to Chingford in Essex, and he went to Larkswood Primary School.
  • When he was six years old, he joined the Ridgeway Rovers football club.
  • Teddy Sheringham (a striker for Tottenham and England) was one of his biggest football heroes when he was young. He was also inspired by David Beckham, Brazil’s Ronaldo, and Jermain Defoe.
  • Harry Kane originally joined the Arsenal youth academy, but he was released after just one year for not being athletic enough. At the age of 11, he joined the Tottenham Hotspur academy. He played some games as a holding midfielder and some games as an attacking midfielder.
  • He attended the Chingford Foundation School, the same high school that David Beckham went to.
  • In the 2009-10 season, Harry Kane scored 18 goals in 22 appearances for Tottenham’s under-18 side.
  • In July 2010, he signed his first professional contract.
  • Harry Kane made his Tottenham debut against the Scottish team Hearts in a UEFA Europa League qualification round second leg match. He won a penalty, but his penalty kick was saved by the goalkeeper.

I think self-belief is a massive thing in football. If you don’t believe in yourself, not many others will. Work hard and believe in yourself, and I think you’ll go as far as your body will take you.

Harry Kane
  • In the early part of his Tottenham career, Harry Kane had loan spells at Leyton Orient, Millwall, Norwich, and Leicester.
  • In April 2014, Harry Kane made his first Premier League start for Tottenham. He scored, and he went on to score in his next two matches as well.
  • In the 2014-15 season, Harry Kane scored 21 Premier League goals in 34 appearances. He was voted the PFA Young Player of the Year.
  • Harry Kane won the Premier League Golden Boot (awarded to the league’s top goalscorer) for the 2015-16 season after scoring 25 goals in 38 games. He won the award again in 2016-17 (scoring 29 goals in 30 appearances).
  • In the 2017-18 season, Harry Kane became the first player to score 6 hat-tricks in one Premier League season. He also scored 39 Premier League goals in one calendar year, beating a record set by Alan Shearer.
  • During the 2020-21 season, Harry Kane scored 23 goals (earning him his third Golden Boot award), and he finished with the most Premier League assists (earning him the Premier League Playmaker of the Year award).
  • Harry Kane made his England debut in 2016. He scored 80 seconds after coming on as a replacement for Wayne Rooney against Lithuania at Wembley Stadium.
  • He captained England for the first time in 2017.
  • At the time of writing (2022), Harry Kane is England’s second all-time leading goalscorer (50 goals), and he has scored 183 Premier League goals.
  • Harry Kane has a sponsorship deal with Nike.

When I broke into the Premier League, I was not quite as physically developed as the other players. With Mauricio Pochettino, we did a lot in the gym, trying to improve my strength and speed and power. I got a bit addicted to improving the statistics. I put pressure on myself to get better.

Harry Kane
  • In 2020, Harry Kane sponsored Leyton Orient’s shirts to help the club deal with the financial burden imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. The home shirt showed a thank-you message to the staff of the NHA, and the away shirt displayed a Haven House Children’s Hospice logo.
  • Harry Kane married Katie Goodland. They met in high school. They have three children.
  • Harry Kane’s Labrador retrievers were named Brady and Wilson after the NFL quarterbacks, Tom Brady and Russell Wilson.
  • In his free time, he enjoys playing golf.
  • In 2019, Harry Kane was made an MBE (Member of the Order of the British Empire) for services to football.
  • In 2018, he won the World Cup Golden Boot after scoring 6 goals in the tournament.
  • Harry Kane is a big NFL fan. Tom Brady is one of his sporting heroes and Harry Kane has expressed an interest in trying out as an American Football kicker after his footballing career has come to an end.
  • He enjoys watching the Dexter TV show.

Football is my job. I dedicated a lot of time and work to be where I am now, and I think some players lose sight of that. You start to think the other things are more important, more exciting, but what I am paid for is to work hard and be professional.

Harry Kane
  • Some of his favourite foods include chicken paella, steak, brown rice, and salad. For breakfast, he enjoys brown toast, omelette, and spinach.
  • One of his favourite films is 2009’s Law Abiding Citizen starring Jamie Foxx and Gerard Butler.
  • Ryan Gosling is one of his favourite actors.

Marcus Rashford Facts

Marcus Rashford is a British international footballer and an effective campaigner against child food poverty.

Disclaimer: This post includes Amazon product images that include affiliate links to Amazon. As an Amazon Associate, Primary Facts earns from qualifying purchases.

Facts About Marcus Rashford

  • Marcus Rashford was born in 1997 in Manchester England.
  • His birthday is on 31st October – Halloween.
  • His mother was a single parent, and she often had to work more than one job to feed her family. She was sometimes forced to skip meals so that Marcus Rashford and his two older brothers (Dwaine and Dane) and his two older sisters (Chantelle and Claire) could eat.
  • Marcus Rashford’s cousin is the footballer Lois Maynard, who has played for several teams including Halifax Town, Tranmere Rovers, Salford City, Stockport County, and Oldham Athletic.
  • At the age of five, Marcus Rashford played football for Fletcher Moss Rangers. He was originally a goalkeeper before switching to forward.
  • He joined the Manchester United academy programme at the age of seven, choosing Manchester over Everton or Liverpool.
  • When he was eleven years old, Marcus Rashford was selected for the Manchester United Schoolboy Scholars scheme. He was the youngest player to do so.
  • As a youngster, he played cage football with Paul Pogba and Jesse Lingard.
  • In 2015, Marcus Rashford was named as a substitute for a Manchester United Premier League match against Watford. He wore the number 39 shirt but never made it onto the pitch.
  • On 25 February 2016 Marcus Rashford made his Manchester United debut, scoring 2 goals against Midtjylland in the UEFA Europa League.
  • He made his Premier League debut against Arsenal.
  • By the end of the 2021/22 Premier League season, Marcus Rashford has scored 59 Premier League goals. His best goalscoring season was in 2019/20, when he scored 17 times in the Premier League.
  • Before the start of the 2022/23 season, Marcus Rashford had played 46 times for England, scoring 12 goals.
  • Marcus Rashford set up the In the Box campaign with Selfridges department store in 2019, providing homeless people with essential items over the Christmas period.
  • In March 2020, working with the food waste charity FareShare, Marcus Rashford raised more than £20 million to provide meals to those children who weren’t receiving their free school meals due to the UK lockdown. More than 4 million meals were delivered.
  • Marcus Rashford wrote an open letter to the UK government in June 2020, challenging them to address UK child poverty. The next day, the government implemented a policy to provide free meals during the summer holidays to those children who received free school meals during term time.

I don’t have the education of a politician, but I have a social education having lived through this and having spent time with the families and children most affected. These children matter… And as long as they don’t have a voice they will have mine.

Marcus Rashford

Check out some more Marcus Rashford quotes.

  • Marcus Rashford was made an MBE (Member of the Order of the British Empire) in October 2020.
  • Marcus Rashford signed with Jay-Z’s agency Roc Nation in 2020.
  • He won an award at the 2020 Pride of Britain Award ceremony for his efforts to eradicate child food poverty. He was named Campaigner of the Year by GQ, and he received a special award at the BBC Sports Personality of the Year.
  • He published a children’s book called You Are a Champion. It won Book of the Year at the 2022 British Book Awards.
  • Marcus Rashford is 5′ 11″.
  • He enjoys playing Call of Duty and FIFA on his Playstation. He also likes playing online Monopoly.
  • He signed with Nike when he was 11.
  • Kellogg’s Fruit ‘n Fibre is his favourite cereal. He used to eat seven or eight bowls a day before he learned about the importance of good nutrition.
  • He enjoys reading motivational books, such as Relentless by Tim Grover.
  • He loves dogs and he has had an Italian Mastiff as a pet.
  • Marcus Rashford was a guest editor of the Beano comic in 2022. He aslso appeared in some of the comic strips alongside some of the Beano characters, such as the Bash Street Kids, Billy Whizz, and Bananaman.

Rosalind Franklin Facts

Who is Rosalind Franklin?

Rosalind Franklin was an English scientist. She is best known for her work in revealing the molecular structure of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite.

During her life, her contributions to the discovery of DNA’s molecular structure were not given the credit they deserved.

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Facts About Rosalind Franklin

  • Rosalind Franklin was born in 1920 in Notting Hill, London.
  • At the age of six, she attended Norland Place School in London. She was a hardworking and able pupil, and she enjoyed playing hockey.
  • When she was eleven, Rosalind Franklin went to St Paul’s Girls’ School in Hammersmith, London. She was an outstanding student, particularly in science and Latin lessons. She became a fluent French speaker, studied German, and frequently won awards for her academic achievements.
  • She was not a gifted musician. St Paul’s musical director, Gustav Holst, once asked Rosalind’s mother if her daughter had hearing problems.
  • In 1938, she studied chemistry at Newnham College, Cambridge.
  • At university, she met Adrienne Weill, a French refugee and former student of Marie Curie.
  • Rosalind Franklin was awarded a research fellowship at Newnham College, and she joined the University of Cambridge’s physical chemistry laboratory. She worked under Ronald Geroge Wreyford Norrish (who went on to win a Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1967).
  • Norrish and Rosalind Franklin did not get on, and she resigned after just one year of working in his laboratory.
  • In 1942, she worked as an assistant research officer at BCURA (British Coal Utilisation Research Association), studying coal’s porosity using helium to calculate its density. Her conclusions about the molecular structure of coal allowed her to classify coals and predict how they would perform as fuel, and how they could be used in World War 2 gas masks.
  • Her research into coal formed the basis of her1945 Ph.D. thesis.
  • While working at BCURA, Rosland Franklin also volunteered as an Air Raid Warden.
  • In 1947, with the help of Adrienne Weill, Rosalind Franklin secured a job in Paris as a researcher working at the Laboratoire Central des Services de l’État with Jacques Mering.
  • Mering used X-ray diffraction in his studies of rayon, and he taught Franklin the process of X-ray crystallography. She used it to study coal and the arrangement of atoms in graphite.
  • In 1950, Rosalind Franklin took up a three-year post at King’s College London. She worked in the Biophysics Unit under John Randall. As the most experienced X-ray diffraction researcher, she was instructed by John Randall to use this method to examine the fibres of DNA, taking over the work started by a researcher name Maurice Wilkins and his graduate student Raymond Gosling.
  • Unfortunately, John Randall did not clearly communicate with Wilkins about Rosalind Franklin’s new role, and as a result, Wilkins and Franklin had a difficult relationship.
  • Working with Gosling, Rosalind Franklin soon managed to achieve higher-quality images of DNA than Wilkins had been able to obtain.
  • In a draft manuscript written on March 17th, 1953, she concluded that both A-DNA and B-DNA forms had two helices. Evidence that she had identified the correct structure of DNA independently of the work carried out by Francis Crick and James Watson (who had been given access to her images, including Photo 51, and her research data).
  • Rosalind Franklin’s crucial work in the discovery of the structure of DNA was not cited in Watson and Crick’s original paper on the subject.
  • In 1953, Franklin left King’s College London for Birkbeck College.
  • She used X-ray crystallography to study the structure of an RNA virus called the tobacco mosaic virus. She worked with a scientist called Aaron Klug.
  • She was invited to make a model of the tobacco mosaic virus for Expo 58 in Brussels, the first international fair to take place after World War 2.
  • In 1956. she began to research the structure of the polio virus. Following her death, her work was continued by Aaron Klug and the other members of the team she had assembled.
  • Rosalind Franklin loved to travel, visiting France, Norway, and the United States.
  • She didn’t like it when people called her Rosy because it reminded her of her great-aunt Rosy.
  • In 1956, two tumors were found in her abdomen. She continued to work while undergoing cancer treatment. She died on 16th April 1958 of ovarian cancer. Some people believe that her exposure to X-ray radiation may have caused her illness.
  • Her colleague Aaron Klug was the main beneficiary of her will.
  • Her contribution to the discovery of the structure of DNA was the subject of the Life Story TV movie, starring Juliet Stevenson and Jeff Goldblum.
  • Since her death, she has received dozens of awards and honours. Many university buildings, laboratories, and libraries have been named after her, and in 2020 A UK 50-pence coin was minted to celebrate what would have been her 100th birthday. It featured an image based on Photo 51.
  • The European Space Agency named its 2019 ExoMars rover Rosalind Franklin.
  • In 2020, the metal band Helion Prime released a song called Photo 51. The song’s artwork featured a photo of Rosalind Franklin.

Science, for me, gives a partial explanation for life. In so far as it goes, it is based on fact, experience and experiment.

Rosalind Franklin, 1940.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why was Rosalind Franklin not awarded the Nobel Prize?

Rosalind Franklin’s early death was the biggest factor in her not receiving a Nobel Prize. Francis Crick, James Watson and Maurice Wilkins received their Nobel Prize for the discovery of DNA’s structure in 1962 (four years after her untimely death). Even if her contributions had been appropriately acknowledged at the time, she wasn’t alive when the award was made.

The same is true of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Aaron Klug in 1982. Based on work started by Rosalind Franklin, it is highly likely that, had she lived long enough, she would have shared the Nobel Prize with her former colleague.

Since 1974, the Nobel Prize cannot be awarded posthumously.

Why was she called the ‘Dark Lady of DNA’?

She was called the ‘Dark Lady of DNA’ by her biographer, Brenda Maddox. This moniker referred to the fact that her crucial contribution to the discovery of DNA’s structure was not properly acknowledged during her life. The also refers to a negative comment made by one of her co-workers in an interview about Rosalind Franklin.

How did Rosalind Franklin change the world?

Her research contributed to the discovery of the molecular structure of DNA. This provided the foundation for all of the DNA-related research that has been carried out since, and this has led to improved medical treatments, better disease diagnosis, agricultural improvements, improvements in forensic science, and genealogical applications.

Barbara Hepworth Facts

Here are some facts about Barbara Hepworth, the famous British sculptor and artist.

  • Barbara Hepworth was born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, UK, in 1903.
  • She met Henry Moore at the Leeds School of Art in the early 1920s. They became good friends and through their artwork helped to promote modernism in sculpture.
  • Barbara also won a scholarship to attend the Royal College of Art in London.
  • In 1924, Hepworth travelled to Florence, Italy with the sculptor John Skeaping. They got married in 1925.
  • She studied under the master sculptor, Giovanni Ardini, and learned to carve marble.
  • In 1933, she travelled to France, met Piet Mondrian and Georges Braque, and visited the studio of Pablo Picasso.
  • In 1938, following the breakdown of her first marriage, she married abstract painter, Ben Nicholson.
  • She moved to St Ives in Cornwall in 1939, and lived here for the rest of her life. She founded the Penwith Society of Arts and lived in Trewyn Studios.
  • In 1960, Barbara Hepworth bought the Palais de Danse (a cinema building) and converted it into a large-scale studio.
  • She died in a fire at her studios in 1975. She was 72.
  • Hepworth produced sculptures in brass, bronze, stone and wood, and she also produced a series of prints and some pencil and oil pieces.
  • In 2015 Tate Britain staged a big London show of Hepworth’s work, including more than 70 pieces of her artwork.
  • Some of her famous works included: Pierced Form (1932), Mother and Child (1934), Pelagos (1946), Squares and Two Circles (1963) and Curved Forms (1956).
  • Some of Barbara’s earliest memories involved family car journies through the countryside. She was intrigued by the shapes formed by the hills and fields and roads.
  • Her earliest work is often described as naturalistic with simplified features, whereas most of her work from 1930 was abstract.

Keith Haring Facts and Information

Here are some facts about the American Pop-Artist, Keith Haring.

  • Keith Haring was born in Pennsylvania, USA in 1990.
  • His father was a keen cartoonist and Keith became interested in art at a very young age.
  • Some of his early influences included: Walt Disney cartoons, Dr Seuss, Charles Schultz and the animated characters in The Bugs Bunny Show.
  • When he was a teenager, Keith Haring hitchhiked across America selling T-shirts decorated with his own designs.
  • He was inspired by The Art Spirit – a book by Robert Henri.
  • He worked as a maintenance man at Pittsburgh Center for the Arts. this gave him a chance to explore artwork by Jackson Pollock, Mark Tobey and Jean Dubuffet.
  • He was also inspired by the work of Pierre Alechinsky, and this made him think about combining writing and characters to form large images.
  • In 1978 he studied painting at New York’s School of Visual Arts.
  • He enjoyed drawing in chalk on unused advertising boards at subways and stations.
  • He went on to organise exhibitions at Club 57, and his work started to incorporate symbols (including barking dogs, hearts and flying saucers).
  • He created more than 50 public works of art between 1982 and 1989.
  • His work featured as the background for the Philidelphia Live Aid stage, and he collaborated with the fashion designer Vivienne Westwood.
  • In 1986 he opened Pop Shop, selling his work to the public at reasonable prices.
  • In 1988 Keith Haring was diagnosed with AIDS, and he died in 1990 at the age of 31.
  • During his life, he formed friendships with many celebrities including: Madonna, Will Smith, Yoko Ono and Grace Jones. He was also very close to Andy Warhol.
  • His work was bold, bright and was heavily influenced by Pop Art and graffiti and street art.

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Romero Britto: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about the artist Romero Britto.

  • Romero Britto is a painter, printmaker, and sculptor, and his work is influenced by pop art, cubism and street art.
  • His work often includes bold patterns, bright colours, playful themes and hard-edged compositions.
  • Romero was born in 1963 in Recife, Brazil.
  • In 1983 he left Brazil to go to Paris, France, and he discovered the works of Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse.
  • In 1988 he was selected (along with Andy Warhol and Keith Haring) for Absolut Vodka’s artist showcase.
  • In 1989 he moved to Miami, Florida, USA and set up a studio in Coconut Grove.
  • His work is on display in dozens of countries all over the world, including: United States, Singapore, Israel, South Korea, Brazil and England.
  • Britto is self-taught, and when he was a child he used to paint on any scraps of paper or cardboard he could get his hands on, often trying to recreate the work of Toulouse Lautrec.
  • He has collaborated with many brands, including: Audi, Bentley, Disney, Evian, Mattel, Coca-Cola and FIFA.
  • Romero Britto has illustrated several children’s books.
  • He supports more than 250 charitable causes.
  • He is one of the most licensed artists in history. His work is everywhere!
  • Britto has completed portraits for Elton John, Michael Jackson, Muhammed Ali and Queen Elizabeth.

Charles Goodyear: Facts About the Famous Inventor

Here are some facts about Charles Goodyear

  • Charles Goodyear is best known for developing vulcanized rubber. The vulcanization process hardens rubber, making it suitable material to use for tyres.
  • The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company was named after him.
  • He was born in 1800, in New Haven, Connecticut, USA, and he died in 1860 in New York.
  • He sold his furniture to fund his experiments with India rubber. He was desperately looking for a way to make the rubber lose its stickiness.
  • He discovered that rubber dipped in nitric acid helped to keep the rubber hard, and Andrew Jackson (the 7th President of the United States) was so impressed he wrote to Goodyear to congratulate him.
  • He was once nearly suffocated in his lab by poisonous gases.
  • In 1839, Goodyear discovered that combining rubber and sulfur, and heating the mixture would cause the rubber to vulcanize. During the 1840s he continued to work on the process.
  • In 1852, a court case took place to see whether Thomas Hancock had come up with the process of vulcanization independently in Britain, or whether he’d copied Goodyear. It was decided that both men had invented the process.
  • In 1976 he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
  • He married Clarissa Beecher in 1824, and they had five children.
  • Before he began to experiment with rubber, he was a partner in a button-making and agricultural implement manufacturing business.
  • The Charles Goodyear Medal is awarded to those who are most innovative in the rubber industry.
  • He is buried in Grove Street Cemetery in New Haven.

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