Category Archives: Volcanoes

Mount Elbrus: Facts About the Highest Mountain in Europe

Here are some facts about Mount Elbrus.

  • Mount Elbrus is a volcano located in the Caucasus Mountains in Russia. At 5,642 metres in height, it is the highest mountain in Europe.

  • It actually consists of two summits, one about 40 metres higher than the other. The higher peak was first climbed in 1874 by a British expedition led by F. Crauford Grove.
  • Although it is a volcano, it is dormant and there is no record of it ever erupting. However, there are about 260 square km of lava fields and volcanic debris on the mountain.
  • Mount Elbrus is one of the Seven Summits, the name given to the highest mountains on each of the seven continents.

Mount Elbrus

  • The name Elbrus probably comes from a legendary mountain in Iranian mythology.
  • One of Europe’s highest outhouses, or toilets, is located on Mount Elbrus. It is covered in snow and ice and perched at the end of a large lump of rock.
  • In 1956, a group of 400 mountaineers climbed Mount Elbrus at the same time.
  • About 30 climbers die on the mountain each year, making it one of the deadliest.
  • A cable car built in the 1960s takes visitors to a height of 3,800 metres. From there it is a simple climb to the summit and there are several refuges, or mountain huts, offering shelter.
  • In 1997, a Russian team tried to drive a Land Rover to the summit. They used a winch and chains to pull it the last few metres to the summit and constantly had to replace the parts.
  • Mount Elbrus is important in Greek mythology. It is the place where Zeus imprisoned Prometheus and sent an eagle with long wings to eat his liver.
  • The Elbrus world race first took place in 1990. It is a series of winter sporting events on and around the mountain and in 2014 attracted over 350 athletes from 16 countries.

What next? Discover more mountain facts by visiting our mountains resources page.

Mount Tambora: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Mount Tambora. Mount Tambora is an active volcano located on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia. Indonesia has over 150 active volcanoes making it one of the most active areas in the world. The volcano is currently about 2,850 metres high. However, during the 17th and 18th centuries, movements in… Continue Reading

Herculaneum: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Herculaneum. Herculaneum was an ancient Roman town located near Naples and Mount Vesuvius in southern Italy. It was named after the Greek hero Hercules and is today a UNESCO World Heritage site. The settlement was founded by the Greeks around 600 BC. Because of its strategic location near the Bay… Continue Reading

Eyjafjallajokull: Facts About the Volcano in Iceland

Here are some facts about Eyjafjallajokull. Eyjafjallajokull is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap. It is located on the south coast of the island of Iceland, about 3km inland. Its unusual and difficult to pronounce name comes from the combination of various words with different meanings. Different parts of the name mean… Continue Reading

Yellowstone Volcano: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about the Yellowstone Volcano. The Yellowstone Volcano, also known as the Yellowstone Caldera, is a supervolcano located in the National Park of the same name, in the states of Wyoming and Montana, US. The Yellowstone Volcano is one of the largest volcanic areas in the world. The park contains about half… Continue Reading

Mount Pinatubo Facts

Here are some facts about Mount Pinatubo. Mount Pinatubo is located in the Cabusilan Mountains on Luzon, an island in the Philippines. It as an active volcano and it is classified as a stratovolcano – with tall, steep sides formed from layers of volcanic ash, pumice and hardened lava. Mount Pinatubo’s eruption on 15th June… Continue Reading

10 Volcano Facts

Here are some key facts about volcanoes. Volcanoes are vents or cracks in the Earth’s surface through which hot gases, molten rock and debris are emitted. There are about 1,900 volcanoes in the world. Volcanoes can be either active, dormant or extinct. An active volcano has erupted during the last 1,000 years and is likely… Continue Reading

Mount St Helens Facts

Here are some facts about Mount St Helens, the famous volcano. Mount St Helens is located in Washington State, in the northwestern part of the United States. It is almost 100 miles from Seattle, and 50 miles from Portland. The volcano is 4,400 feet high at its highest point, and the base is about 6… Continue Reading