Antoni Gaudi: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Antoni Gaudi.

  • Antoni Gaudi was born on 25th June 1852 in Reus, Catalonia, Spain.
  • His father was a boilermaker.

  • Gaudi spent a great deal of time outdoors. He was fascinated by nature and, when he was 27, he joined the Centre Excursionista de Catalunya – a group of people who explored the countryside of Catalonia and France.
  • He was a vegetarian from a young age.
  • For a time worked as an apprentice in a textile mill.
  • In 1878 Gaudi graduated from the Barcelona School of Architecture.
  • Eusebi Guell, a Catalan businessman, was impressed by Antoni Gaudi’s work. He commissioned Gaudi to design several buildings, including: Palau Guell, the Guell wine cellars and the crypt of the Church of Colonia Guell.

Antoni Gaudi

  • In 1883 Antoni Gaudi was asked to take charge of the project to build a cathedral in Barcelona called ‘Basilica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia (or the Sagrada Familia). This project dominated his working life.
  • When he was a young man, Gaudi dressed smartly and enjoyed fine food. When he was older, Gaudi cared little for his appearance and devoted all of his time and energy to the construction of the Sagrada Familia.
  • Antoni Gaudi was hit by a tram on 7th June 1926. Due to his scruffy appearance, it was thought that he was a beggar, and he didn’t receive immediate medical care. He died on 10th June 1926. He was 73 years old.
  • Gaudi was buried in the crypt of the Sagrada Familia.
  • His other famous works, include: Casa Calvert, Finca Miralles, Park Guell, Casa Batllo and Casa Mila.
  • Salvador Dali was a great admirer of the work of Antoni Gaudi, as was Friedensreich Hundertwasser and Felix Candela.
  • Antoni Gaudi was single for his entire life.

What next? Discover some facts about other famous artists.

Sagrada Familia: Facts About the Church Designed by Antoni Gaudi

Here are some facts about the Sagrada Familia.

  • The Sagrada Familia is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, Spain. The building was started in 1883, but it won’t be finished for at least another 30 years.

  • The church is regarded as the masterpiece of the Spanish architect Antoni Gaudi. Gaudi designed many buildings in the Barcelona area, and is known for his distinctive and colourful works of art.
  • The finished building will be able to accommodate up to 13,000 people. It will measure 312 feet long and almost 200 feet wide.
  • When finished, the Sagrada Familia will have 18 towers, each of which represents a person. 12 of the towers will represent the apostles, and 4 of them will represent the evangelists.

Sagrada Familia

  • The church’s tallest tower, at almost 600 feet, will represent Christ. However, it will deliberately be a few feet lower than a nearby hill, as Gaudi believed that God’s creation should be higher.
  • The church has three facades, with themes of the Glory, the Passion and the Nativity, each of which has complex symbolism. The Passion façade contains words from the Bible in different languages.
  • From 1911 until his death, Gaudi worked tirelessly on the design of Sagrada Familia. He lived and worked as a hermit in a workshop on the site.
  • Gaudi died in 1926 when he was run over by a tram and is buried in the crypt. A small museum shows visitors the ongoing history and construction of the church, and the life of its architect.
  • Miraculously, Sagrada Familia was not damaged during the Spanish Civil war. However, Catalan extremists did destroy many religious models and plans.
  • Although the church attracts several million visitors each year and is one of Spain’s most popular tourist attractions, not everybody likes the design.