Montenegro: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Montenegro.

  • Montenegro is one of the smallest countries in Europe, covering just less than 14,000 square km. It has a population of about 648,000 and borders Croatia, Albania, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  • The country’s name translates as Black Mountain, from when forests covered it during medieval times. Map makers often have difficulty writing the country’s long name in such a small space.

  • During its sometimes turbulent history, Montenegro has been ruled by Byzantium, Serbia and the Ottomans. In the 1920s it was part of Yugoslavia and became independent in 2006.
  • Podgorica is the country’s capital and largest city with 30 percent of its population. Parts of the city are designed in a European style, while some areas have buildings from the Ottoman Empire.
  • Some of Europe’s most rugged mountains are in Montenegro.
  • Because of its climate, it is home to many animals and plants, including about 60 percent of all European bird species.
  • The Tara River canyon is Europe’s deepest and the second deepest in the world. It is up to 1,300 metres deep and there are over 40 waterfalls along its 80 km length.

Flag of Montenegro

  • The country has been described as one of the 50 places to see in a lifetime by National Geographic.
  • A popular tourist destination is the 300 km long Adriatic coast, with its beaches and medieval towns.
  • The 2,500 year old town of Budva is one of the oldest on the Adriatic coast. It is known for its beautiful beaches, nightlife and stone walls which enclose the old town.
  • Water polo became the country’s most popular sport, after Montenegro won the 2008 European championships. Other popular sports are football, basketball, volleyball, judo and chess.
  • Montenegrin food has been influenced by Turkey, Italy and Hungary. Bread is served with every meal, and pastries filled with cheese or meat are the most popular fast food.