Purus River: Facts and Information

Purus River Facts

  • The Purus River has drainage basin of more than 63,000 km squared.

  • The river enters the Amazon river to the west of Madeira River.
  • The Purus River forms a very small section of the boundary between Peru and Brazil.
  • It is one of the most crooked rivers in the world. If you were to measure a straight line from its source to mouth, it would be less than half as long as the river’s actual length.
  • Steamers are able to navigate the river for more than half of its length.
  • The Purus red howler (a species of howler monkey) live in the forests along the banks of the Purus.
  • Its mouth is more than 1000 metres wide.

Purus River

  • Many lakes are formed on the shores of the Purus River.
  • The river used to be known as the Coxiuara River.
  • The American composer Phillip Glass has produced a piece of music called Purus River.
  • The Purus is known for its five river channels running parallel to each other at a regular distance.
  • Throughout history many Amazonian tribes have lived in the Purus drainage basin area, including: the Apurina and Dani people, the Amahuaca, the Apurina, the Junikuni and the Sharanahua.
  • Many rubber plantations are located on the banks of the Purus.

Purus River Fact File

Countries: Brazil, Peru

Length: Approximately 2960 km (1839 miles)

Mouth: Amazon River – it’s one of the Amazon’s tributaries.

What next? Discover more river facts by visiting our rivers resources page.

Japura River: Facts and Information

Japura River Facts

  • When it flows in Colombia, the river is called the Caqueta River.

  • In Brazil, the river can be navigated by small boats.
  • The Japura flows into the Amazon River through a network of channels.
  • The river is home to a massive range of fish and reptiles, including electric eels, catfish, turtles, caimans and piranhas.
  • The American composer Philip Glass named a piece of music after the river. Lsiten to it by playing the video below

Japura River Fact File

Countries: Brazil, Colombia

Length: Approximately 2820 km (1752 miles)

Source: Andes, southwest Colombia

Mouth: Amazon River

What next? Check out some more river facts by visiting our rivers resources page.

The River Mersey: Interesting Facts and Information

River Mersey Fact File

Length: 112 km (70 miles)

Source: The Mersey is formed when three tributaries – the River Goyt, the River Tame and the River Etherow – merge in Stockport.

Mouth: Liverpool Bay (Irish Sea)

More Facts About The River Mersey

  • The River Mersey represents part the historical boundary between the counties of Lancashire and Cheshire. However, today it flows through the metropolitan county of Merseyside. In Anglo-Saxon times, the Mersey might have been the border between Northumbria and Mercia. It is thought that the name Mersey comes from the Saxon words for ‘boundary’ and ‘river’.
  • Several ferry services have taken passengers and goods across the river over the years. The Mersey Ferry runs between Pier Head (Liverpool), Woodside (Birkenhead) and Seacombe. The 60s band, Gerry and the Pacemakers, released a popular song called ‘Ferry Cross the Mersey’.
  • The amount of industry that developed, from the Industrial Revolution onwards, on the banks of the Mersey had a negative effect on the quality of the Mersey’s water. In recent years, massive efforts have been made to clean the water and remove pollution. These have been very successful.
  • Atlantic grey seals, bottle-nose dolphins and harbour porpoise sometimes swim into the estuary of the River Mersey from Liverpool Bay and the Irish Sea.
  • In the 18th century, the Mersey Docks in Liverpool were one of Britain’s busiest ports. Salt from Cheshire, coal from Lancashire, pottery from Staffordshire, metal from Birmingham and sheep from Wales were all transported out of the country on ships from the Mersey Docks.
  • Some British Hindus think that the River Mersey is sacred (like the River Ganges in India).
  • Every year the Tall Ships Race takes place on the River Mersey.

The River Trent: Facts and Information for Kids

River Trent Fact File

Length: 298 km (185 miles)

Source: Biddulph Moor, Staffordshire (North Sea, England)

Mouth: Humber Estuary (England)

Other Facts About The River Trent

  • In the past, the course of the River Trent was used to mark the boundary between the North and the South of England.
  • The River Trent has many tributaries, including: River Derwent, River Idle, River Leen, River Sow and the River Tame.
  • The River Trent flows through the Midlands and many towns and cities have been situated close to it. They include: Stoke-on-Trent, Lichfield, Burton upon Trent, Derby, Nottingham, Newark-on-Trent and Scunthorpe.
  • The Trent is the third longest river in the United Kingdom.
  • Unusually for rivers in Britain, the River Trent flows in a northerly direction.
  • Some people believe that the name of the River Trent is linked to the Celtic word for ‘strong flood’.
  • Over 80 bridges cross the River Trent. Perhaps the most spectacular of these is The Swarkestone Bridge, Britain’s longest bridge made of stone. This bridge is located about 5 miles south of Derby.
  • The River Trent passes through several different English counties: Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire and Yorkshire.
  • The River Trent was an incredibly important trade route (particularly during the 1700s, 1800s and 1900s) and it is one of the main reasons why the Midlands became a key industrial area during the Industrial Revolution.
  • In Nottingham, the River Trent flows under the beautiful Trent Bridge. This is also the name given to Nottingham’s cricket ground.
  • More than 30 different types of fish live in the Trent.
  • Today the water of the Trent is clean and largely free from pollution. This certainly wasn’t the case during the 19th and early 20th centuries when the Trent was polluted by the emissions from the many factories which used its water in their manufacturing processes.