Facts About Cubism

Here are some facts about Cubism.

  • Cubism was the first abstract art style. It began in 1907, was popular during the early part of the 20th century and had its origins in France and Spain.
  • The movement largely ignored perspective, and tried to show objects or people from several different angles.

  • The Cubist painters were also influenced by Native American and African art. Their works often featured cubes, cones, spheres and cylinders, and sometimes used collage techniques.
  • Most people did not like or understand Cubist works when they first appeared. The name Cubism was meant to be insulting, and came about because of the angular, square look of many Cubist paintings.
  • There were two main stages of Cubism, known as synthetic Cubism and analytic Cubism.
  • The most important Cubist painters were Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Juan Gris.
  • One of the best-known and most controversial Cubist paintings is Guernica by Picasso. The painting shows the horrors of war and measures 8 metres wide and 3.5 metres high.
  • Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (The Ladies of Avignon) is one of the earliest and most famous Cubist works. It was influenced by African tribal masks and shocked people when it was displayed.
  • ‘Pencil’ was supposedly the first word spoken by Picasso, and he produced his first painting at age 9. He is famous for his blue period and rose period, during which he painted mostly in those colours.
  • Today, Picasso is one of the most influential artists, as well as one of the most valued. His painting Le Reve (The Dream) sold in 2013 for almost £100 million.
  • Cubism also influenced modern architecture. One of the most famous architects to have been inspired by Cubist works was Le Corbusier, who was one of the first in his field to realize how cars affected city planning.

Pablo Picasso: Facts and Information

Here are some facts about Pablo Picasso, the famous Spanish artist.

  • Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain on 25th October 1881.
  • His full name is Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Crispiniano de la Santísima Trinidad.

  • His father was a painter – he mainly painted accuarte images of birds.
  • Picasso’s mother claimed that Pablo’s first word was ‘pencil’.
  • His father started to train Pablo in drawing techniques and oil painting from the age of seven.


  • At the age of thirteen, Picasso studied at the School of fine Arts in Barcelona. At the age of 16, Picasso entered the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid. He wasn’t a very committed student and he frequently missed classes.
  • In 1900, Pablo Picasso spent time in Paris for the first time. He shared a room with Max Jacob, a poet and journalist, and Picasso learnt how to speak and read French.
  • In Paris he met and became good friends with the artist Henri Matisse.
  •  Throughout the early part of the 20th century, Picasso spent time living in both Paris and Barcelona.
  • In 1918 Picasso got married to Olga Khokhlova, a Russian ballerina. they remained legally married until 1955, but they separated in about 1927.
  • During World War 2, Picasso lived in occupied Paris. He continued to produce art but he didn’t exhibit any of his work during the war years.
  • He married Jacqueline Roque in 1961.
  • Picasso died on 8th April 1973 in Mougins, France. He was 91 years old.
  • Picasso was a prolific creator of art. He was a painter, sculptor, print-maker and poet. His early work is often divided into five periods: the Blue Period, the Rose Period, the African-influenced Period, Analytic Cubism, and Synthetic Cubism.
  • During his career he completed more than 1800 paintings, more than 1200 sculptures, more than 2500 ceramic works, more than 10000 drawings and many tapestries.
  •  Along with George Braque, Picasso is credited with founding the Cubism art movement, in which objects are depicted from multiple viewpoints, instead of just one.
  • Several of Picasso’s works have been sold for more than $100 million dollars.

What next? Learn about other famous artists.